Aromatic plants: Perilla Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton

Aromatic plants: Perilla Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton

Family: Lamiaceae
Species: Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton


Perilla is grown extensively in China, Japan and Korea, as well as in India and Vietnam. It is the only species of the genus Perilla.

Perilla frutescens var. Japonica

Perilla - Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton

Botanical characters

The plant has a structure similar to that of basil, with a height ranging from 60 to 80 cm. The leaves are opposite, heart-shaped, pointed and notched. The lymph flower is apical, similar to that of basil.

Cultivation technique

Perilla can be grown in the vegetable garden, alongside salad and tomatoes, but it also responds well to pot cultivation: it loves fertile soil, humidity, grows well even in full sun and has the ability to self-sow.
Having been cultivated for many years in Southeast Asia there are many varieties, with smooth or curled leaves, green or tinged with purple, up to dark purple.
As cultivation it is very easy, the small and round seeds germinate without problems, the growth is fast enough. It can be sown at home or in a container if you want to anticipate cultivation, it bears transplants well. The plants have robust stems, the leaves are opposite and in the heart-shaped and notched variety.
The flowers, white and small, on spikes about ten cm long, grow in the late summer in the apical area

Use in the kitchen and therapeutic properties

This plant is rich in antioxidants, iron, vitamin C; it is of great help to support the immune system. Furthermore, its food use lends itself to several interesting preparations ». Excellent in salads, it is also used cooked, in soups or to prepare rolls. Its medicinal use finds application in cases of bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, colds, coughs; Asian herbal medicine makes wide use of it, also extracting an oil rich in beneficial properties

Adversity and pests

Video: Perilla leaf kimchi and perilla leaf pickles 깻잎