The morphology of Friuli-Venezia Giulia presents the Carnia mountains and the Julian Alps to the north, the karst plateau to the east, the high and low plains to the south before the jagged coast in large lagoons (Marano Lagunare, Grado). The climate, conditioned by the different morphological combinations, leads to singular coexistences of alpine, Mediterranean and Illyrian plant species.
The woods cover more than 20% of the regional territory: the vast forests of Tarvisiano and Carnia are worthy of particular mention.
As regards environmental protection, with regional law no. 42 of 30 September 1996, two regional natural parks were set up (Friulian Dolomites Park and Julian Prealps Park), ten reserves and various regional biotopes. Currently the percentage of protected regional territory is equal to 7% (about 54,000 hectares). As part of the Natura 2000 Network Project, 62 SCI (sites of Community importance) and 7 SPAs (special protection areas) were proposed.
Monfalconi - Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites (photo www.parcodolomitifriulane.it)
Miramare Castle - Miramare Marine Nature Reserve (photo www.alpini.it)